From sheep to wool – Step by Step Process for Wool Production
Sheep is blessed with an extraordinary trait of yielding blankets of wool over its body. These layers of wool are then sheared off; the sheering time leads to change in the color of wool. The process usually takes place twice a year-in spring and autumn. The wool is sheared off generally in the spring season before the sheep have lambs. The duration depends on numerous other factors such as weather conditions, requirements and availability of shearers.
Then the wool is properly washed so as to remove the unwanted particles from the lumps of wool. During this process a greasy element called Lanolin is extracted which is further used in the manufacturing of creams.
After carding, spinning takes place. Under this process, the wool takes the shape of yarn by the use of a charkha. Charkha is a spinning wheel which is used for making yarns out of fibers. Hand spun wool shows variations in its construction and this abrash texture gives it a unique look. Hanks are then made to allay the processes of washing and dying. So, the yarns are finally given the shape of a hank before sending it for a final wash.